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Web Development and its languages

Jun, 09, 2020, By CatbonicIT

Web development comprehensively alludes to the task of developing websites and hosting on the internet. The development process incorporates website design, web content turn of events, customer side/server-side scripting and network security arrangement, among different errands.

Web development is the lines of code that enables website functionality as per the customer's requirements. It mainly deals with the non-design aspect of building websites, which includes coding, writing markup and scripts.

Web development ranges from creating plain text pages to complex web-based applications, social network applications and electronic business applications.

The web development hierarchy:

Client-side coding (Frontend)

It is the program that runs on the client machine (browser) and deals with the user interface/display and any other processing that can happen on client machine like reading/writing cookies, client side coding is also called the front end of the website i.e. UI/UX.

  • Interact with temporary storage
  • Make interactive web pages
  • Interact with local storage
  • Sending request for data to server
  • Send request to server
  • work as an interface between server and user

Client side programming languages:

  • JavaScript
  • HTML
  • CSS
  • VB script
  • AJAX

2. Server-side coding (Backend)

It is the program that runs on server dealing with the generation of content of web page. Server side programming(the back stage performer) language is also called backend programming language, the server side programming language is downloaded on the browser to interact with the frontend code allowing the user to roam around the website.

  • Querying database
  • Operations over databases
  • Read/Write a file on server
  • Interact with other servers
  • User input

Server side programming languages:

  • PHP
  • C++
  • JAVA
  • Python
  • Ruby and Rails

Some important factors of website development for todays’ businesses

1. How fast should a website be?

An efficient website should load in two seconds or less. Users expect the website to load quickly, according to a survey 53% of the users literally leave the site if it takes longer to load. If you want to keep people on your site, the website shouldn’t take longer than two to three seconds. When considered that an average site load time is 13-18 seconds, many businesses don’t have fast enough websites to keep traffic on them. This lack of speed is why slow-loading sites cause billions in revenue loss annually.

2. What is page load time?

Since we discussed the normal website load time, it is vital to comprehend what page load time is. Page load time is how long it takes for someone to see the content right after clicking on your web-link and get directed to your website.
Page load time is complicated and complex because your website doesn’t load all at once.
Your website loads in pieces and the load time varies for different:

  • Internet speed
  • Pages
  • Users
  • Browsers
  • Devices

3. Why does a fast loading website matter?

So, with all these questions like “How fast should a website be?” and “What is good average website load time?” you are probably wondering why speed matters so much. Why should a fast loading website matter to your business?

Here are two big reasons you need to pay attention to your site’s loading time:

  • It is affecting your ranking on Google

    The normal page load time affects your Google ranking. Google needs to give the best outcomes to searchers and part of that includes having a quick loading site. On the off chance that you don't have a quick webpage, Google won't rank your site high in the list items. Taking into account that looking through online is the way individuals discover, research, and purchase items, you have to have a fast loading website so you can rank higher in the searched lists. 90- 95% of search traffic goes to the first two to three pages of results, so you need to have a fast loading site to help your business appear on the first page and drive valuable traffic.

  • It is affecting user experience

    Along with your website speed influencing Google, it also affects users. Google has many algorithms working at back-end which are responsible for the searched results we see on our screens. Those algorithms can also determine incoming traffic trends which are also very important for user experience. If users don’t have a positive experience on your site, it will cause them to bounce from your page and return to the search results. Google sees this and assumes that your page isn’t relevant. As a result, you won’t rank high in the search results. The client experience is fundamental to your business' prosperity. On the off chance that they can't get to data rapidly from your site, they're not going to have a positive involvement in your business. It will hurt your chances of ranking in the search results and getting new clients and sales.



Java is an open source and platform-independent programming language, which can be used for almost any situation thanks to its versatility. It is object-oriented like most web programming languages. This means that it focuses on concrete applications. Its vast number of web frameworks and libraries, which generally have comprehensive documentation, makes it easier to create even highly complex web projects. Programs written in Java are easy to expand upon, can be scaled as required and are easy to maintain, provided that the programmer who wrote them knew what they were doing.


Despite its name, this dynamic, object-oriented scripting language has nothing to do with Java, apart from them both being based on C. In 1995, Netscape developed JavaScript, originally called LiveScript, with the goal of expanding HTML and CSS to enable programmers to evaluate user interactions and dynamically display content. Today, JavaScript is not just used for web browsers but also for micro-controllers and servers. The name JavaScript was chosen merely because of Java’s popularity. At the time, people wanted to be associated with it. This was a great success. Today, almost all the most popular websites use JavaScript as their programming language of choice on the client side. Additionally, JavaScript has extensive frameworks and libraries.


Hypertext Preprocessor, better known under the old acronym PHP, is a scripting language based on C and Perl. It is mainly used for programming dynamic websites and web applications. PHP is considered to be beginner-friendly and can be integrated into HTML. Therefore, it is often one of the first languages an aspiring programmer learns. Many website operators still rely on PHP today, even though the language is widely viewed as a bit obsolete. Some of its most important advantages include its broad support for various databases and its efficient integration of internet protocol. PHP has received several updates since its creation and is currently on version 7. This language has an open source license and is available free of charge.


Python is known as a high-level programming language and uses compact yet easy to understand code. Python is also easy to type because you do not need to separate blocks of code by using special characters but rather by indenting. This is why the language is considered to be enjoyable to learn and use. You can use it as required either for object-oriented, aspect- oriented, or functional programming. Python is also dynamic and is therefore often used as a scripting language. Python is supported by an active community and is kept up-to-date and relevant by the non-profit Python Software Foundation. This language is freely available and can be used with most current operating systems.

Many popular web services like YouTube and other Google projects are partially based on Python. The video game industry has also embraced this programming language. The same can be said for scientific projects.


Ruby is another high-level programming language. It was developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro Matsumoto. This purely object-oriented programming language boasts dynamic typing and reflection as well as automatic garbage collection. Ruby’s major distinguishing feature is its object-oriented focus in which every value and class is an object. Unlike other object-oriented programming languages, there are no primitive data types in Ruby. To put it briefly, “everything is an object.”


C++ is based on C, one of the oldest programming languages. The development of this language, which was then thought of as an extension of C, began in 1979, but it was not released to the public until 1985. It is still very popular today. C++ is one of the programming languages with an ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standard. It is also considered to be machine oriented and efficient as well as highly abstract able and complex. C++ is fundamentally easy to learn, especially because the core language is concise using approximately 60 key words. The language becomes more complex and comprehensive through its standard library. C++’s greatest strengths are its variety of combinations and its efficient machine-oriented programming.


The relatively new programming language C#, pronounced as “C sharp“, was released in 2001 and is considered to be a general-purpose language. It is type-safe, object-oriented and fundamentally platform-independent. However, it was specifically developed by Microsoft for the .NET Framework. C# is often also referred to as “Visual C#”, mostly for implementations. Conceptually, the language is related to Java and C++ among others, but it extends the object- oriented modelto include attributes which store information about classes, objects and methods as well as delegates which refer to methods for specific classes. This primarily results in a more accurate error description when compiling code, saving developers a lot of time.


The free programming language Perl appeared in 1987 and provided the inspiration as an interpreted programming language and a scripting language for languages such as PHP, JavaScript, Ruby and Python. The programmers primarily used programming languages in the C family. This language is fundamentally platform-independent and was originally designed for network and system administration. Since then, Perl has also established itself as one of the most popular programming languages for web software, bioinformatics and finance.


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